The Republic of Costa Rica is located in Central America. It limits the north with the Republic of Nicaragua and to the southeast with the Republic of Panama.

Costa Rica is one of the most prosperous countries in Latin America, mainly in the economic field, however, these developments have not necessarily involved substantial improvements in other areas such as social, environmental and political. The map of social and human development of the country shows asymmetries detriment of coastal and border areas, mainly, but also in the Midwest, where particular excluded groups are also concentrated population: indigenous peoples, Afro-descendant populations, migrants and refugees.